Mangoes, known for their delectable taste, varied shapes, and sizes, captivate fruit lovers across the globe. India, being the largest mango producer, boasts an impressive array of 283 mango varieties, with 30 of them gaining recognition for their unique characteristics. Not only is the mango the national fruit of India, but it also serves as a significant source of edible fruits.
Diverse Array of Mangoes
India takes pride in its renowned mango varieties, including Alphonsos, Badami, Chausa, Langra, Neelum, Aamrpali, Malda, Banganapalli, and Dasheri, which have garnered immense popularity among mango aficionados.
Mango enthusiasts are always eager to explore and relish the exquisite range of the "king of fruits."
A Global Assortment of Mango Varieties with Pictures
Mangoes come in a myriad of shapes, sizes, and colors, each possessing its own level of sweetness and tartness. With over 1,000 types of mangoes scattered across the world, it's worth acquainting oneself with the latest compendium of mango names, complete with pictures and images, that deserve recognition.
Alampur Baneshan Mango
Alampur Baneshan Mango stands out as an exceptional variety, belonging to the esteemed Banganapalli mango family. The textures and exceptional quality of this mango entice consumers, making it a delightful choice.
Alphonso Mango, discovered in India, reigns supreme in terms of its sweetness and flavor. This sun-kissed yellow marvel, available in mid-July, enjoys worldwide fame. Named after Afonso de Albuquerque, this luscious mango variety has captured the hearts of mango enthusiasts in India. Ratnagiri and the surrounding regions of Maharashtra serve as prime destinations for mango lovers, celebrated for their exquisite Alphonso mangoes.
Hailing from Maharashtra but also cultivated in certain parts of Gujarat, Karnataka, and Madhya Pradesh, this mango variety boasts a hefty price tag owing to its distinctive taste, color, and shape.
Born from the crossbreeding of Dasheri and Neelam mangoes, Amrapali has earned its recognition as a popular hybrid mango, celebrated for its naturally sweet taste and tender flesh. Amrapali mangoes are abundantly available in fruit markets during the month of June.
Amrapali mango, a hybrid variety created in 1971, flourishes on farms and gardens across India. When fully ripe, it reveals a dark red flesh, although its shelf life is relatively shorter compared to other commercially cultivated mango varieties.
The Ataúlfo mango, also known as young mango, baby mango, yellow mango, honey mango, Adaulfo, Adolfo, or Champagne mango, originates from Mexico.
This golden-yellow delight typically weighs between 6 to 10 ounces, sporting a slightly sigmoid shape and a yellow skin adorned with a golden blush.
Hailing from the Mexican states of Michoacan, Sinaloa, Nayarit, Jalisco, Veracruz, and Chiapas, the Ataulfo mango is available from March to September. It stands out for its unparalleled juiciness and lacks the fibrous texture commonly found in other varieties. A fully ripe Ataulfo mango will yield to a gentle touch, exuding a velvety texture and a delectable sweet flavor. The fruit's pit is slender and exceedingly thin.
Badami Mango, one of the many exquisite mangoes grown in India, rivals the sought-after Alphonso mango in terms of its appeal. It reaches maturity slightly earlier due to its southern cultivation, making it an attractive choice for those seeking a fresh mango experience. With its pale yellow, delicately thin skin, Badami mangoes offer a tantalizing glimpse into the softness of their pulp.
The northern region of Karnataka boasts a rich abundance of Badami mangoes. Their delectable taste has earned them the moniker "Karnataka-Alphonso" in neighboring areas. These mangoes are typically available from May to July.
Benishan Mango, also known as Banganapalli, holds a prominent place among the most widely cultivated mango varieties in the city of Banganapalle, located in Andhra Pradesh. These large-sized mangoes, weighing an average of 350-400 grams, have rightfully earned the title "king of mangoes" in South India.
They occupy a staggering 70% of the arable land in the region and have long been associated with Banaganapalli farmers.
Bombay Green Mango
Bombay Green Mango primarily thrives in northern India and goes by the names Malda and Shehroli in the states of northern India. It ripens earlier than other varieties, making it highly sought-after in commercial markets. Renowned as a worldwide delicacy, the Bombay Green Mango enchants consumers with its farm-fresh appeal and sweet pulp. Available from May to July, these medium-sized green mangoes never fail to captivate mango lovers, even from far-flung places.
This fruit gained its reputation for exceptional flavor, eventually making its way to the United States through South Florida, where it is now widely marketed.
Carabao Mango, also known as Manila mango, Champagne mango, or Philippine mango, represents the national fruit of the Philippines. It ranks sixth in global production, following India, China, Pakistan, Brazil, and Mexico.
This variety, renowned for its sweetness and exotic taste, has gained global recognition.
Chausa / Chaunsa Mango
Chausa Mango, thriving in Hardoi and its neighboring regions in Uttar Pradesh, serves as a hotbed for mango lovers. Situated approximately 112 km from Lucknow, this region, accessible by road, stands as a hub for the famous "Chaunsa" mangoes. These mangoes, known as "sucking" mangoes, enjoy immense popularity for their yellowish hue and enticing aroma. Chaunsa mangoes, also referred to as "Chausa," the king of mangoes, hail from South Asia. They are predominantly grown in Pakistan and parts of India, with significant quantities being exported from both countries.
Chok Anan Mango
Chok Anan Mango, also known as Chocanon, represents a sweet mango variety originating from Thailand, India, Bangladesh, and Pakistan. It has earned the monikers "honey mango" and "miracle mango" due to its ability to bear fruit twice a year, during summer and winter. Sporting an oval shape with pointed tips, the ripe fruits and pulp exhibit a light yellow hue, delightfully sweet to the taste buds. Chok Anan Mango is often referred to as the "honey mango."
The city of Lucknow, known for its regal mangoes, takes pride in cultivating the Dasheri mangoes. These mangoes, available from mid-May to late August, stand out from other mango varieties in India due to their vibrant green peels and delectable taste.
Dasheri mangoes, known for their sweetness and aromatic flavor, are cultivated in northern India, southern Andhra Pradesh, Nepal, and Pakistan. The town of Malihabad in Uttar Pradesh holds the distinction of being the largest producer of Dasheri mangoes.
Fazli Mango, recognized for its larger size, abundant pulp, and perfect balance of sweetness, weighs over a kilogram. These mangoes predominantly grow in the city of Malda, located in West Bengal. They ripen later than other varieties and are often used in making jams and pickles in Indian subcontinent cuisine.
Rich, sweet, and spicy, Francis Mango thrives on small farms in Haiti. With its bright yellow skin adorned with shades of green, this mango variety envelops the consumer in its soft, juicy flesh, complete with fibrous textures. Francis Mango stands apart from its mango counterparts due to its flatter and elongated shape.
Graham Mango traces its origins back to Trinidad, where it emerged from Julie's mango saplings. With its oval shape and a yellow hue when ripe, complemented by uneven skin, Graham Mango has gained popularity and is widely grown in Florida due to its exceptional taste and good disease resistance. This fruit also enjoys significant popularity in the Windward Islands.
Gulab Khas Mango
True to its name, Gulab Khas Mango delights mango enthusiasts with its rosy flavor and irresistible taste. This fruit boasts a reddish-pink or red skin and finds abundant availability in states such as Bihar, West Bengal, and Jharkhand. Its non-fibrous flesh makes it a preferred choice for mango-based desserts. Mango Gulab Khas, harvested from May to June, captivates the taste buds of those who relish its unique qualities.
Haden Mango, characterized by its large, egg-shaped fruit, is a delightful choice for mango enthusiasts. When ripe, it offers a sweet, creamy texture with minimal bitter or sharp green flavors. Haden Mango originated from Mulgoba mango seeds planted in Coconut Grove, Florida, back in 1902. Since then, it has become the parent of many other mango varieties developed in Florida. The smooth, juicy flesh with its syrupy sweetness is a true testament to the exceptional quality of this mango variety. The tree itself, with its long, narrow leaves and an open, rounded canopy, adds a touch of tropical elegance to gardens. Haden mangoes are often used as a focal point in tropical landscapes, and their white to pink flowers in the spring and multi-colored fruits in late summer further enhance their allure.
Vanraj Mangoes, a rare and coveted mango variety, can be found in Gujarat, particularly in the city of Vadodara. These fruits are often priced slightly higher due to their high demand. Oval in shape, resembling an egg but slightly larger, Vanraj mangoes feature reddish skin on the upper side, almost as if they are blushing. Being a mid-season mango variety, Vanraj mangoes possess excellent keeping quality, making them a favorite among a large number of mango aficionados.
The town of Murshidabad, situated in West Bengal, is renowned for its diverse range of delicious mangoes. Approximately 230 km from Kolkata and easily accessible by road and rail, Murshidabad boasts a variety of mango species, including Kishan Bhog, Himsagar, Nawabpasand, and Begumpasand. Himsagar mangoes, available from May to early June, exhibit an unmistakable golden hue, completely devoid of fiber, and offer unparalleled sweetness with a delightful aroma. Weighing between 250 and 350 grams, these mangoes boast a pulp content of approximately 77%.
Imam Pasand Mango
Imam Pasand Mango, grown in parts of Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, and Tamil Nadu, is considered an exclusive mango variety, often hailed as the King of Mangoes due to its unique flavor profile. With its tender skin, distinct aftertaste, and incredible flavor, Imam Pasand truly reigns supreme among mangoes.
Keitt Mangoes, with their varying shades of green throughout the ripening stage, often perplex consumers with their coloring and ripening process. These mangoes have a tart yet sweet flesh, reminiscent of Meyer's sweet lemon, and when fully ripe, they offer a buttery smooth texture. Keitt Mangoes retain their green color even when fully ripe, requiring a gentle squeeze to determine their readiness. If they yield slightly to pressure, they can be placed in a paper bag to ripen further, much like peaches.
Kent Mango, born from the Totapuri mango of India, combined with the yellow mango, offers a sweet and juicy taste with minimal fiber content in its flesh. Its deep orange hue is particularly popular among mango enthusiasts in the United States. While Kent mangoes tend to be softer when fully ripe compared to other round mango varieties found in the country, they retain their appeal as a delectable tropical fruit.
Kesar Mango owes its name to its saffron-like appearance and heavenly taste. This variety, renowned for its unique sweet flavors, is often referred to as the "queen of mangoes." The Girnar hills of Junagadh, Gujarat, are famous for their Kesar mangoes. These hills, located approximately 320 km from Ahmedabad, are easily accessible by road and rail. Mango Kesar, available from May to July, enjoys widespread popularity as an ingredient in exotic culinary creations.
Kilichundan mangoes, sold in abundance across different regions of Kerala, stand out due to their relatively large size. The name of this fruit derives from its resemblance to a bird's beak, as "Kilichundan" translates to "bird's beak" in Malayalam. These medium-sized tropical trees bear an abundance of greenish-yellow mangoes. Kilichundan mangoes are widely used in households and restaurants to prepare delicious curries and pickles.
Kishan Bhog Mango
Kishan Bhog Mango, another popular mango variety from West Bengal and Bihar, tantalizes the palate with its rich flavor and sweetness. Round in shape and boasting a delightful taste, Kishan Bhog mangoes are widely available in West Bengal. These fruits are larger in size and renowned for their pronounced sweetness. Kishan Bhog mangoes also possess excellent keeping quality. With negligible amounts of turpentine, this variety ranks among the top ten mangoes in terms of taste.
Konkan Raja Mango
Konkan Raja Mango, one of India's most exquisite mango varieties, thrives in the regions of Tamil Nadu. This mango variety offers versatile culinary uses, with its pulp being transformed into mango puree, marinades, and a variety of delectable dishes.
Lakshmanbhog Mango, primarily grown in the Malda region of West Bengal, is typically available in June and July. With its lustrous golden-reddish skin and the perfect balance of sweetness, these mangoes have been specially selected by the West Bengal government for export to the United States.
Lalbagh Mango, a Maharashtra delicacy, stands out with its vibrant red color and delightful taste. This mango variety is highly sought after for making pickles, fresh juice, and desserts. Grown exclusively in Maharashtra, Lalbagh mangoes are in high demand and are shipped across India and even exported abroad.
Originating from Varanasi, Langra Mango derives its name from the city's association, being known as Banarasi Langra. These mangoes are widely cultivated in the northern regions of India. The fruits hit the market towards the end of July and maintain their green color even when fully ripe. Langra Mango is celebrated as one of the finest mango varieties worldwide.
Totapuri Mango displays a distinctive form among mango varieties, characterized by its oblong shape with pointed edges and a lustrous golden yellow hue. This fruit delights the taste buds with its unique blend of sweetness and tanginess. Totapuri Mangoes are typically available in India during the early summer season. Its mild flavor and greenish-yellow flesh make it a popular choice for various culinary applications.
Malgoa Mango, also known as Mulgoba Mango, captivates with its nearly round shape and remarkably thick skin. This mango variety, primarily grown in the Tamil Nadu region, especially in Salem, is renowned for its large size, abundant pulp, and succulent juice. Considered one of the finest mango varieties in the world, Malgoa Mangoes are cherished by mango connoisseurs.
Mallika Mango, a hybrid of Neelam and Dasheri mangoes, tantalizes with its exceptional sweetness infused with hints of honey, citrus, and melons. These mangoes typically hit the market later than other varieties, available in June and July. Mallika Mangoes stand out with their high-quality orange-colored flesh devoid of fiber, offering a truly indulgent mango experience.
Mankurad Mango, the pride of Goa, is a mid-season fruit renowned for its low fiber content, natural sweetness, and preference over the well-known Alphonso mango. These mangoes are usually available in local markets as early as April, offering a delectable treat for mango enthusiasts.
Najuk Mango, a highly prized variety, garners attention during the festival season. These mangoes boast a vibrant red color and an enticingly sweet flavor, akin to the finest mangoes available.
Neelam Mango, although grown throughout India, particularly shines in Andhra Pradesh from May to July. Distinguished by its specific sweet aroma and slightly orange tint, Neelam Mangoes are smaller in size but big on flavor.
Paheri Mango, also known as Pairi Mango, emerges as a culinary gem during the early mango season, typically spanning April to July. While it may not possess the sweetness of honey, Paheri Mangoes offer a delightful balance of tanginess and sweetness, making them a delightful choice for mango enthusiasts.
Palmer Mango, grown in Maharashtra, enjoys considerable popularity in the region. These mangoes boast a striking red color, a wonderful aroma, and a perfect balance of texture and flavor. While some mango varieties may excel in color and aroma but lack in taste, Palmer Mangoes deliver the complete package—vibrant color, enticing texture, and exceptional taste.
Philihara Mango, cultivated in Malihabad, Lucknow district, emerges as a prominent mango variety in northern India. This region is renowned for its extensive list of mango varieties, including Dussheri, Chausa, Fazli, Lucknowa, Jauhari, Lakhnaua Safeda, Munzar Aamin, Nazeer Pasand, Japani Lakhnaua, Kaccha Meetha, Paan Mango, Ramkela, and Kala Pahad.
Rajapuri Mango, known for its large size and sweet taste, finds its popularity in various culinary applications. These mangoes, with their green skin and substantial fruit, are a sight to behold.
Raspuri Mango, predominantly grown in southern Karnataka, particularly in Bangalore, Kolar, and Ramanagara, stands out as an immensely popular mango variety. With its oval shape and an inedible skin, Raspuri Mango surpasses others in terms of its flavor and juice content when harvested at the right moment.
Rumani Mangoes, abundantly available in Tamil Nadu and select regions of Chennai, exhibit a captivating greenish-yellow skin and offer a delightful taste and juicy texture. These mangoes are not only cherished for their raw consumption but also find their way into smoothies, jellies, ice creams, jams, and yogurts, adding a burst of flavor to various culinary creations.
Safeda Mango, also known as Banganpali or Benishan Mango, enjoys widespread popularity in several regions of Andhra Pradesh, particularly in the city of Banganapalle, from which it derives its name. Revered as the "King of Mangoes in South India," this fruit surpasses others in size, weighing an average of 350-400 grams. Safeda Mango's thin, hard skin encases sweet and fiberless flesh, making it a favored choice. Rich in vitamins A and C, Safeda Mango also offers notable health benefits.
Sein Ta Lone Mango
Sein Ta Lone Mango, hailing from Myanmar and also known as the diamond solitaire mango, ranks among the finest mango varieties found in the country. Revered for its delightful aroma, sweetness, juiciness, and non-fibrous nature, Sein Ta Lone Mango is a true mango lover's delight. Don't miss the opportunity to taste this Myanmar treasure, as the season lasts only two short months, concluding in June.
Sindhura Mango, known for its distinct sweetness with a hint of tanginess and an enduring aroma, leaves a lasting impression on the palate. This variety showcases a vibrant red exterior, concealing its delectable yellow flesh within.
Subarnarekha Mango, also known as Sundari in North India and Latsundari in Orissa, originates from Vishakapatnam in Andhra Pradesh. The fruit exhibits a light cadmium yellow color with a blush of red jasper and numerous small, bright spots. Subarnarekha Mango offers a delightful sweetness and plentiful juice, rendering it a true treasure.
Tommy Atkins Mango
Tommy Atkins Mango, native to Florida, reigns as the most extensively cultivated mango cultivar in the United States. Its popularity extends to Brazil, Mexico, Guatemala, and Ecuador, where it is predominantly grown. Tommy Atkins Mangoes can be savored from March to July. With a medium to large size, oval shape, green skin adorned with a dark red blush, and occasional orange or yellow accents, these mangoes entice with a smooth, slightly sweet taste. Rich in vitamin C and vitamin A, and a good source of fiber, Tommy Atkins Mangoes offer both nutritional value and a delectable eating experience.
These are just a few of the remarkable mango varieties found in India. The country's tropical paradise provides the perfect environment for mango cultivation, resulting in a continuous discovery of new and diverse varieties. With approximately 1,500 mango varieties in the subcontinent, according to the National Horticulture Board, a journey to India promises a delightful exploration of these rich and flavorful fruits.